We the parishes of Eden hereby declare that isolation is the greatest threat to the sustainability of ruralcommunities; and that better communication is vital to our society, to government services and to our economy.

We are, therefore, determined to overcome the barriers of distance by installing the best superfast broadbandin Europe. – hear hear bring it on!

● We want 100Mbps fixed connections for the majority of people in Eden

This definition is weak and needs uplifting perhaps to “We commit to achieve ubiquitous fixed connections fit forany application that people choose to use the service for, as rapidly as possible for the common good”

The problem with the wording as it stands is that “Majority of people in Eden” can mean 50.1% of the populationconcentrated in quasi-urban and relatively well served areas like Penrith or Kendal for example whilst“Minimum 100Mbps symmetric future-proof fixed connections” must be the definition and that mandates FttH(Fibre to the Home) as the only credible delivery mediumMore broadly – why restrict to ANY speed?

It is fitness for purpose that counts – so long as the services people choose to access is available in a timely fashion then the speed and quality of the 4th utility service are by definition sufficient and if not then recognised as insufficient and remedied.and universal mobile broadband coverage by 2012 mobile broadband at a speed of howmany Mbps upload and download, at what quality?

FiWi needs to be recognised asimportant a part of the mix as mobile telephone based broadband (eg 3G/4G)

● We aim to make at least 30 of our parishes into hyper-connected communities by 2012We, the communities of Eden, define “hyper-connected” as…. or perhaps

● We will ensure that no one is left behind. While not everybody will share 100Mbps connections, every lastdwelling in Eden will have access to 2 Mbps by 2012 and 30 Mbps by 2015 – 10Mbps is achieveable for Eden by 2012

We recognise that we, the parishes of Eden, must play a leading role in this process:

● Each parish will appoint a broadband champion responsible for driving our campaign – essential

● We will aim to bring everyone in our parish online – essential

● We will, where necessary, contribute our own labour and time, from digging trenches to negotiatingconcessions on wayleaves, to deliver superfast broadband more quickly and cheaply – essential

● We will work with suppliers to reduce their costs – welcome

● We will build our own networks where necessary – welcome

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Articles1. Social and political life is based on communication. Enforced Isolation and lack of communication undermine the lives of communities and the efficiency of government

2. Communication increasingly depends on excellent data transport and access to the public Internet and allother interconnected networks. This we call ‘connectivity’ – good definition

3. The basis of connectivity is data, whose throughput and quality must be sufficient to allow all criticalapplications to work reliably and predictably – excellent definition

4. Connectivity is a limited, shared resource. This is factually inaccurateFttH connectivity can be doubled in capacity every eighteen months until 2046 by simply changing the lightsand cameras at each end of the fibre – this is the reason why FttH is future-proof

The use of connectivity has no limits, except those that guarantee that other members of our community enjoy equal access – excellent definition

5. Connectivity exists for the general good. Citizens cannot fully explore their potential if they are isolated fromone another, or isolated from information, education, and communication services. Everyone must have accessto adequate connectivity – excellent definition

7. Geographical conditions may prevent an individual from enjoying the same level of service as is availableelsewhere, but everyone in Eden should be able to achieve sufficient connectivity

We, the communities of Eden, define sufficient connectivity as

8. The connectivity speeds given in the European Commission’s Digital Agenda 2020: an expectation of100Mbps and a minimum of 30Mbps at the edge of the network Acceptable if this is a symmetric service withupload and download both meeting the 30Mbps minimum – there should be inclusion of quality minimum also,perhaps referenced back to fit for purpose real-time video.

9. A mobile broadband service capable of supporting home working applications and life support applications inthe most rural areasdefine home working applications… could be video editing in which case mobile broadbandwill struggle! If the meaning is email with small attachments and static webpages then 2Mbps will do –streaming video will demand more speed still and the sending of larger attachments will again call for symmetric services

10. As the peak hour resources available to each user across the entire network, not a mere theoretical ‘up-tospeed’ in the access component of the networkWe, the communities of Eden, define “the entire network” as the FiWi (Fibre and Wireless) access network thatreaches and serves everyone in Eden

11. Capable of supporting real-time video telephony in the busy period – to what quality standard? HD?HD3D? Telepresence?If the peak hour resources are required to support BBC iPlayer HD for example then only FttH will do the jobOverall FttH is the best technical and only future-proof choice for unconditionally supporting real-time video inall its flavours.

12. A TV terrestrial Broadcast network that delivers all channels to all customers recognising that FttH offers theoptimum and future-proof platform for video and TV delivery to fixed locations via IP multicasting or (V)RFoG((Virtual) Radio Frequency over Glass)We, the communities of Eden, expect

13. Mobile operators to build and operate one network, sharing resources and radio spectrum between them tooffer complete coverage – good and worth looking at Highlands & islands for proven successful delivery ofjoined-up mobile coverage via sharing sites – there is a natural clash of interests looming potentially if mobileoperators who paid HM Treasury some £22Billion for their 3G licences feel they have any reasonable case forrevenue-loss due to implementing the joined-up unitary network described and there will need to be approvalfrom OFCOM and MMC to ensure that mobile operators are authorised to share resources in this fashion freefrom any accusations of monopolistic cartelism.

14. Fixed operators to run fibre networks deep (backhaul) and wide (access) to replace existing infrastructurewherever possible and remove all legacy network costs – good and essential to be mindful of the widemonopoly in the 1st mile access network – FttH in rural Cumbria will only get built once and one network meansa monopoly network and monopolies are monsters that must be tamed – the CIC Social Enterprise approachprovides an effective outcomes-based technology-neutral framework for monopoly management.

15. All operators to make available the full potential of universal connectivity and not seek to create scarcityfrom a plentiful resource excellentWe, the communities of Eden, expect

16. The VOA to zero rate all communication installations until these installations achieve the same volume asachieved in urban areas – excellent! A good definition of volume being the % of community taking service,defined previously by VOA as 38% benchmark in case of Virgin Media in urban areas servedWhat this expectation must also address is the cost burden of business rates for so-called middle mile transit,the fibre links between each Digital Village Pump – these costs also need to be waived until each network ispioneered, incubated and established (metaphorically baking the PIE in FiWiPie)In any event, social enterprises must be exempted from business rates on FttH infrastructure by CumbriaCounty Council as CICs are providing a service of general public good in the community interest

17. Ofcom to fulfil its duties under the Communication Act 2003 to ensure that communications services are made available to rural users and to ensure that efficient use is made of the radio spectrum for all users, notjust those living in densely populated areas – the active support of OFCOM is a key enabler for Big Society ruralbroadband delivery

18. Central government to invest in communications infrastructure in rural areas in order to transform publicservice delivery in areas such as health care, social care, education, community capacity building, andeconomic development This is KEY – upfront capital investment in future-proof physical infrastructure byGovernment provides the opportunity to close the gap between the costs of internet connectivity in rurallocations compared with the choices available urban centres; a difference that today can exceed 100x moreexpensive for internet backhaul (Fat Pipes) in rural areas compared to Big City IX (internet eXchanges, placeswhere fast fibre connections can be made with multiple providers of internet transit)PSN/NEN (Public Sector Networks and National Education Networks) of which CLEO is the Cumbria networkfor schools that has enabled Great Asby Broadband CIC to sustain and develop its FiWi service and makefeasible the deployment of FttH in due course

19. Local authorities to facilitate construction upgrades including roadside digs and to assist central governmentin its efforts to transform public service delivery in areas such as health care, social care, education, communitycapacity building, and economic development – good and important to ensure that any roadside digs can be supervised and/or undertaken by any qualified provider and that there are no restriction on approved suppliers.

In return, we, the communities of Eden, will

20. Stimulate and aggregate demand, including mass migration of all customers to the new connectivityplatforms, allowing old platforms and costs to be retired – essential for most rapid transformation

21. Provide access to land and power sources for communications equipment – very helpful

22. Negotiate concessions on wayleaves – again makes a huge difference

23. Provide resources for the construction of civil infrastructure in accordance with best practice – very helpfulIn return, we, the communities of Eden, will

24. Work with our neighbours to stimulate and aggregate demand, and assist directly in recruiting customers tonew connectivity platforms – essential

25. Work with suppliers to reduce their cost of connection by using our own resources to complete access networks – welcome

26. Build our own networks where the demand and wherewithal exists – good and be prepared to resourceappropriately for both building and operating the network by calling on support from others who have alreadyproven this approach.

27. Continue to refine requirements, particularly the convergence of fixed and mobile resources – meaning?

28. Partake in publicity events to promote the benefits of a fully connected community – good

29. Work with central and local government to transform public service delivery in areas such as health care,social care, education, community capacity building, and economic development

30. Become the first rural communities in Britain and Europe to move entire parishes to next generation access.

– good target and there are NGA enabled parishes in North Yorkshire already with others in Lincolnshire underway


– the point being that all the supply elements are in place now to proceed with building the 4 th utility inEden – what is required is the aggregated demand from the local community for 4th utility service and awillingness to dig!


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